The Deer Laboratory at Auburn University

2020 


Beaver, J. T., R. W. Baldwin, M. M. Messinger, C. H. Newbolt, S. S. Ditchkoff, and M. S. Silman.  2020.  Evaluating the use of drones equipped with thermal sensors as an effective method for estimating wildlife.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 44(434-443).  PDF.


Ivy-Israel, N. M. D., C. E. Moore, T. S. Schwartz, and S. S. Ditchkoff.  2020. Characterization of two MHC II genes (DOB, DRB) in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus).  BMC Genetics 21:83 (https://doi.org/10.1186/s12863-020-00889-5).  PDF


Izenour, K., S. Zikeli, A. Kalalah,  S. S. Ditchkoff, L. A. Starkey, C. Wang, and S. Zohdy.  2020. Diverse Bartonella SPP. detected in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and associated keds (Lipoptena mazamae) in the southeastern USA.  Journal of Wildlife Diseases 56 (505-511).  PDF


Jacobsen, T. C., K. H. Wiskirchen, and S. S. Ditchkoff.  2020.  A novel method for detecting extra-home range movements (EHRMs) by animals and recommendations for future EHRM studies.  PLOS ONE 34(doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0242328).  PDF.


Michel, E. S., B. K. Strickland, S. Demarais, J. L. Belant, T. M. Kautz, J. F. Duquette, D. E. Beyer Jr., M. J. Chamberlain, K. V. Miller, R. <. Shuman, J. C. Kilgo, D. R. Diefenbach, B. D. Wallingford, J. K. Vreeland, S. S. Ditchkoff, C. S. DePerno, C. E. Moorman, M. C. Chitwood, M. A. Lashley.  2020.  Relative reproductive phenology and synchrony affect neonate survival in a nonprecocial ungulate.  Functional Ecology 34(2536-2547).  PDF.


Turner, M. A., W. D. Gulsby, C. A. Harper, and S. S. Ditchkoff.  2020.  Improving Coastal Plain hardwoods for deer and turkeys with canopy reduction and fire.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 44 (705-712).  PDF.


Wilber, M. Q., S. M. Chinn, J. C. Beasley, R. K. Boughton, R. K. Brook, S. S. Ditchkoff, J. W. Fischer, S. B. Hartley, L. K. Holmstrom, J. C. Kilgo, J. S. Lewis, R. S. Miller, N. P. Snow, K. C. VerCauteren, S. M. Wisely, C. T. Webb, and K. M. Pepin.  2020.  Predicting functional responses in agro-ecosystems from animal movement data to improve management of invasive pests.  Ecological Applications 30 (Article e02015).  PDF.


Wilson, S. B., T. D. Steury, R. A. Gitzen, and S. S. Ditchkoff.  2020.  Fall and winter diets of Eastern Gray Squirrels in seasonally flooded ecosystem in Alabama.  Southeastern Naturalist 19 (771-780).  PDF.


2019

Glow, M. P., S. S. Ditchkoff, and M. K. Smith.  2019.  Annual fire return interval influences nutritional carrying capacity of White-tailed deer in pine-hardwood forests.  Forest Science 65(483-491).  PDF.


Gulsby, W. D., C. H. Killmaster, J. W. Bowers, and K. V. Miller. 2019.  Effects of restrictive harvest criteria on male white-tailed deer antler size and hunter harvest opportunity. Wildlife Society Bulletin 43(213-221).  PDF.


Newbolt, C. H. and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2019.  Misidentification error associated with classifications of White-tailed deer images. Wildlife Society Bulletin 43(527-536).  PDF.


Sandoval, N., B. L. Williams, S. S. Ditchkoff, and M. K. Smith.  2019.  Relative efficacy of a urine-based lure for attracting wild pigs.  Journal of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 6(156-160).  PDF.


Turner, M. A., W. D. Gulsby, S. S. Ditchkoff, W. N. Gray, II, and C. W. Cook.  2019.  Effects of breeding chronology on White-tailed deer productivity in Alabama.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 43(701-707). PDF


Wilson, S. B., S. S. Ditchkoff, R. A. Gitzen, and T. D. Steury.  2019.  Eastern gray squirrel survival in a seasonally-flooded hunted bottomland forest ecosystem. Journal of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 6(161-165).  PDF.


2018

Beasley, J. C., S. S. Ditchkoff, J. J. Mayer, M. D. Smith, and K. C. VerCauteren.  2018.  Research priorities for managing invasive wild pigs in North America.  Journal of Wildlife Management 82(674-681). PDF


Gulsby, W. D., M. J. Cherry, J. T. Johnson, L. M. Conner, and K. V. Miller. 2018. Behavioral response of white-tailed deer to coyote predation risk. Ecosphere 9:e02141.  PDF.


Price Tack, J. L., C. P. McGowan, S.S. Ditchkoff, W. C. Morse, and O.J. Robinson.  2018.  Managing the vanishing North American hunter: a novel framework to address declines in hunters and hunter-generated conservation funds.  Human Dimensions of Wildlife 23 (515-532). PDF


Sullivan, J. D., S. S. Ditchkoff, B. A. Collier, C. R Ruth, and J. B. Raglin.  2018.  Recognizing the danger zone: response of female white-tailed to discrete hunting events.  Wildlife Biology DOI: 10.2981/wlb.00455. PDF


2017

Ditchkoff, S.S., R. W. Holtfreter, and B. L. Williams.  2017.  Effectiveness of a bounty program for reducing wild pig densities.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 41:548-555; DOI: 10.1002/wsb.787. PDF


Glow, M. P. and S. S. Ditchkoff.  2017. Economic optimization of forage and nutrient availability during stress periods for white-tailed deer.  Journal of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 4:121-129. PDF


Gulsby, W. D., J. C. Kilgo, M. Vukovich, and J. A. Martin. 2017. Landscape heterogeneity reduces coyote predation on white-tailed deer fawns. Journal of Wildlife Management 81:601-609.


Kay, S. L., J. W. Fischer, A. J. Monaghan, J. C. Beasley, R. Boughton, T. A. Campbell, S. M. Cooper, S. S. Ditchkoff, S. B. Hartley, J. C. Kilgo, S. M. Wisely, A. C. Wyckoff, K. C. VerCauteren, and K. M. Pepin. 2017. Quantifying drivers of wild pig movement across multiple spatial and temporal scales. Movement Ecology 5:14; DOI 10.1186/s40462-017-0105-1. PDF


Keever, A. C., C. P. McGowan, S. S. Ditchkoff, P. K. Acker, J. B. Grand, and C. H. Newbolt. 2017. Efficacy of N-mixture models for surveying and monitoring white-tailed deer populations. Mammal Research DOI 10.1007/s13364-017-0319-z. PDF


Neuman, T. J., C. H. Newbolt, and S. S. Ditchkoff.  2017.  The influence of population demographics on white-tailed deer fawning season. Journal of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 4:115-120. PDF


Newbolt, C. H., S. Rankin, and S. S. Ditchkoff.  2017.  Temporal and sex-related differences in use of baited sites by white-tailed deer. Journal of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 4:109-114. PDF


Newbolt, C. H., P. K. Acker, T. J. Neuman, S. I. Hoffman, S. S. Ditchkoff, ans T. D. Steury.  2017. Factors influencing reproductive success in male white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management 81:206-217; DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21191. PDF


Sullivan, J. D., S. S. Ditchkoff, B. A. Collier, C. R. Ruth, and J. B. Raglin. 2017. Breeding behavior of female white-tailed deer relative to conception: Evidence for female mate choice. Ecology and Evolution 7:2395-2402. PDF


Wiskirchen, K. H., T. C. Jacobsen, J. D. Sullivan, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2017. Hunter cooperation with requests to avoid a visibly marked ungulate. Wildlife Society Bulletin 41: 301-308; DOI: 10.1002/wsb.754. PDF


2016

Eckhardt, L. G., R. D. Menard, and S. S. Ditchkoff. Wild Pigs: Inciting factor in southern pine decline? In: Schweitzer, C. J., W. K. Clatterbuck, C. M. Oswalt (eds). 2016. Proceedings of the 18th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-212. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 614 p. PDF


Gilliland, N. J., A. H. Chappelka, R. B. Mutifering, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2016. Changes in southern piedmont grassland community structure and nutritive quality with future climate scenerios of elevated tropospheric ozone and altered rainfall patterns. Plant Biology 18:47-55. PDF


Gulsby, W. D., C. H. Killmaster, J. W. Bowers, J. S. Laufenberg, B. N. Sacks, M. J. Statham, and K. V. Miller. 2016. Efficacy and precision of fecal genotyping to estimate coyote abundance. Wildlife Society Bulletin 40:792-799.


Neuman, T.J., C. H. Newbolt, S. S. Ditchkoff, and T. D. Steury. 2016. Microsatellites reveal plasticity in reproductive success of white-tailed deer. Journal of Mammalogy 97:1441-1450-(DOI:10.1093/jmammal/gyw087). PDF


Price Tack, J., B. S. West, C. P. McGowan, S. S. Ditchkoff, S. J. Reeves, A. C. Keever, and J. B. Grand. AnimalFinder: A semi-automated system for animal detection in time-lapse camera images. Ecological Informatics 36:145-151. PDF


Passler, T., S. S. Ditchkoff, and P. H. Walz. 2016. Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) in White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Frontiers in Microbiology 7 (Article 945):1-11. PDF


Sullivan, J.D., S. S. Ditchkoff, B. A. Collier, C. R. Ruth, and J. B. Raglin. 2016. Movement with the moon: White-tailed deer activity and solunar events. Journal of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 3:225-232. PDF


2014

Gulsby, W. D., C. H. Killmaster, J. W. Bowers, J. D. Kelly, B. N. Sacks, M. J. Statham, and K. V. Miller. 2014. White-tailed deer fawn recruitment before and after experimental coyote removals in central Georgia. Wildlife Society Bulletin 39:248-255.


Karns, G.R., A. M. Holland, T. D. Steury, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2014. Maternal life history of white-tailed deer: factors affecting fetal sex allocation, conception timing, and senescence. Evolutionary Ecology Research 16:165-178. PDF

Smith, T. N., M. D. Smith, D. K. Johnson, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2014. Evaluation of continuous-catch doors for trapping wild pigs. Wildlife Society Bulletin 38:175-181. PDF

2013

McCoy, J. C., S. S. Ditchkoff, J. B. Raglin, B. A. Collier, and C. Ruth. 2013. Factors influencing survival of white-tailed deer fawns in coastal South Carolina. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 4:280-289. PDF

Karns, G. R., and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2013. Trauma-induced malformed antler development in white-tailed deer. Wildlife Society Bulletin 37:832-837. PDF

Jackson, A. M., and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2013. Survival estimates of white-tailed deer fawns at Fort Rucker, Alabama. American Midland Naturalist 170:184-190. PDF

Collier, B. A., S. S. Ditchkoff, C. R. Ruth, and J. B. Raglin. 2013. Spotlight surveys for white-tailed deer: monitoring panacea or exercise in futility? Journal of Wildlife Management 77:165-171. PDF

Witcher, A. B., C. W. Robinson, C. H. Coker, D. J. Eakes, S. S. Ditchkoff, and G. B. Fain.  2013.  Impact of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus Zimmerman) on ornamental plants in Alabama green industries and home landscapes.  Journal of Environmental Horticulture 31:14-20. PDF

2012

McCoy, J. C., and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2012. Patterns of fecal hormones in a fenced population of white-tailed deer. Wildlife Society Bulletin 36:641-646. PDF

Karns, G. R., and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2012. Antler breakage patterns in white-tailed deer. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 66:114-119. PDF

Samoylova, T. I., A. M. Cochran, A. M. Samoylov, B. Schemera, A. H. Breiteneicher, S. S. Ditchkoff, V. A. Petrenko, and N. R. Cox. 2012. Phage display allows identification of zona pellucida-binding peptides with species-specific properties: Novel approach for development of contraceptive vaccines for wildlife. Journal of Biotechnology 162:311-318. PDF

Passler, T., H. L. Walz, S. S. Ditchkoff, E. van Santen, K. V. Brock, and P. H. Walz. 2012. Distribution of bovine viral diarrhoea virus antigen in persistently infected white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Journal of Comparative Pathology 147:533-541. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., D. B. Jolley, B. D. Sparklin, L. B. Hanson, M. S. Mitchell, and J. B. Grand. 2012. Reproduction in a population of wild pigs (Sus scrofa) subjected to lethal control. Journal of Wildlife Management 76:1235-1240. PDF

Passler, T., M. S. Marley, M. F. Chamorro, C. H. Newbolt, S. S. Ditchkoff, H. S. Maxwell, and P. H. Walz. 2012. Evaluating transmission of bovine viral diarrhea virus to cattle by exposure to carcasses of persistently infected white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine 10:48-53. PDF

Gilliland, N. J., A. H. Chappelka, R. B. Muntifering, F. L. Booker, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2012. Digestive utilization of ozone-exposed forage by rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Environmental Pollution 163:281-286. PDF

2011

Gulsby, W. D., D. W. Stull, G. R. Gallagher, D. A. Osborn, R. J. Warren, K. V. Miller, and L. V. Tannenbaum. 2011. Movements and home ranges of white-tailed deer in response to roadside fences. Wildlife Society Bulletin 35:282-290.

McCoy, J. C., S. S. Ditchkoff, and T. D. Steury. 2011. Bias associated with baited camera sites for assessing population characteristics of deer. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:472-477. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S. 2011. Anatomy and physiology. Pages 43-73 in D. G. Hewitt (ed.). Biology and management of white-tailed deer. Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL.

Williams, B. L., R. W. Holtfreter, S. S. Ditchkoff, and J. B. Grand. 2011. Trap style influences wild pig behavior and trapping success. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:432-436. PDF

Williams, B. L., R. W. Holtfreter, S. S. Ditchkoff, and J. B. Grand. 2011. Efficiency of time-lapse intervals and simple baits for camera surveys of wild pigs. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:655-659. PDF

Burkett-Cadena, N. D., C. J. W. McClure, R. A. Ligon, S. P. Graham, C. Guyer, G. E. Hill, S. S. Ditchkoff, M. D. Eubanks, H. K. Hassan, and T. R. Unnasch. 2011. Host reproductive phenology drives seasonal patterns of host use in mosquitoes. PLoS ONE 6(3):e17681. PDF

2010

Jolley, D. B., S. S. Ditchkoff, B. D. Sparklin, L. B. Hanson, M. S. Mitchell, and J. B. Grand. 2010. Estimate of herpetofauna depredation by a population of wild pigs. Journal of Mammalogy 91:519-524. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., and R. L. deFreese. 2010. Assessing fluctuating asymmetry of white-tailed deer antlers in a three-dimensional context. Journal of Mammalogy 91:27-37. PDF

Passler, T., S. S. Ditchkoff, M. D. Givens, K. V. Brock, R. W. DeYoung, and P. H. Walz. 2010. Transmission of bovine viral diarrhea virus among white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Veterinary Research 41:20. PDF

2009

Ditchkoff, S. S., J. S. Lewis, J. C. Lin, R. B. Muntifering, and A. H. Chappelka. 2009. Nutritive quality of highbush blackberry (Rubus argutus) exposed to tropospheric ozone. Rangeland Ecology and Management 62:364-370. PDF

Hanson, L. B., M. S. Mitchell, J. B. Grand, D. B. Jolley, B. D. Sparklin, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2009. Effect of experimental manipulation on survival and recruitment of feral pigs. Wildlife Research 36:185-191. PDF

Sparklin, B. D., M. S. Mitchell, L. B. Hanson, D. B. Jolley, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2009. Territoriality of feral pigs in a highly persecuted population on Fort Benning, Georgia. Journal of Wildlife Management 73:497-502. PDF

Newbolt, C. H., and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2009. Effects of environmental conditions on performance of vaginal implant transmitters. Journal of Wildlife Management 73:303-305. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., M. S. Mitchell, W. N. Gray, II, and C. W. Cook. 2009. Temporal variation in sex allocation of white-tailed deer. Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science 80:27-34. PDF

Passler, T., P. H. Walz, S. S. Ditchkoff, K. V. Brock, R. W. DeYoung, A. M. Foley, and M. D. Givens. 2009. Cohabitation of pregnant white-tailed deer and cattle persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus results in persistently infected fawns. Veterinary Microbiology 134:362-367. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., and J. J. Mayer. 2009. Wild pig food habits. Pages 105-143 in J. J. Mayer and I. L. Brisbin, Jr. (eds.). Wild pigs: biology, damage, control techniques, and management. Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC. (SRNL-RP-2009-00869). PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., and M. S. Mitchell. 2009. Ft. Benning Military Reservation. Pages 357-364 in J. J. Mayer and I. L. Brisbin, Jr. (eds.). Wild pigs: biology, damage, control techniques, and management. Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC. (SRNL-RP-2009-00869). PDF

2008

Holtfreter, R. W., B. L. Williams, S. S. Ditchkoff, and J. B. Grand. 2008. Feral pig detectability with game cameras. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 62:17-21. PDF

Hanson, L. B., J. B. Grand, M. S. Mitchell, D. B. Jolley, B. D. Sparklin, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2008. Change-in-ratio density estimator for feral pigs is less biased than closed mark-recapture estimates. Wildlife Research 35:695-699. PDF

Passler, T., P. H. Walz, S. S. Ditchkoff, H. L. Walz, M. D. Givens, and K. V. Brock. 2008. Evaluation of hunter-harvested white-tailed deer for evidence of bovine viral diarrhea virus infection in Alabama. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 20:79-82. PDF

2007

Saalfeld, S. T., and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2007. Survival of neonatal white-tailed deer in an exurban population. Journal of Wildlife Management 71:940-944. PDF

Townsend, D. E., II, S. S. Ditchkoff, and S. Fuehlendorf. 2007. Transmitter height influences error of ground-based radio-telemetry. Wildlife Biology 13:98-101. PDF

Collier, B. A., S. S. Ditchkoff, J. B. Raglin, and J. M. Smith. 2007. Detection probability and sources of variation in white-tailed deer spotlight surveys. Journal of Wildlife Management 71:277-281. PDF

Passler, T., P. H. Walz, S. S. Ditchkoff, M. D. Givens, H. S. Maxwell, and K. V. Brock. 2007. Experimental persistent infection with bovine viral diarrhea virus in white-tailed deer. Veterinary Microbiology 122:350-356. PDF

Saalfeld, S. T., S. S. Ditchkoff, J. J. Ozoga, and M. S. Mitchell. 2007. Seasonal variation in sex ratios provides developmental advantages in white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus. Canadian Field-Naturalist 121:412-419. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., and B. C. West. 2007. Ecology and management of feral hogs. Human-Wildlife Conflicts 1:149-151. PDF

2006

Governo, R. M., S. M. Shea, G. Somers, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2006. Using mandibular tooth row length to age yearling white-tailed deer. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:345-350. PDF

Lewis, J. S., S. S. Ditchkoff, J. C. Lin, R. S. Muntifering, and A. H. Chappelka. 2006. Nutritive quality of big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) and eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides) exposed to tropospheric ozone. Rangeland Ecology and Management 59:267-274. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., S. T. Saalfeld, and C. J. Gibson. 2006. Animal behavior in urban ecosystems: modifications due to human-induced stress. Urban Ecosystems 9:5-12. PDF

2005

Ditchkoff, S. S., J. B. Raglin, J. M. Smith, and B. A. Collier. 2005. Capture of white-tailed deer fawns using thermal imaging technology. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33:1164-1168. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., S. R. Hoofer, R. L. Lochmiller, R. E. Masters, and R. A. Van Den Bussche. 2005. Mhc-DRB evolution provides insight into parasite resistance in white-tailed deer. Southwestern Naturalist 50:57-64. PDF

2003

Ditchkoff, S. S., D. N. Laband, and K. Hanby. 2003. Academic performance of transfer versus “native” students in a wildlife Bachelor of Science program. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31:1021-1026. PDF

2002

Ditchkoff, S. S., and F. A. Servello. 2002. Patterns in winter nutritional status of white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus populations in Maine, USA. Wildlife Biology 8:137-143. PDF

Gray, William N., II, S. S. Ditchkoff, M. K. Causey, and C. W. Cook. 2002. The yearling disadvantage in Alabama deer: effect of birth date on development. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 56:255-264. PDF

2001

Ditchkoff, S. S., W. R. Starry, R. E. Masters, and C. W. Deurmyer. 2001. Hunter success and selectivity of archers using crossbows. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 55:560-566. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., E. R. Welch, Jr., R. L. Lochmiller, R. E. Masters, and W. R. Starry. 2001. Age-specific causes of mortality among male white-tailed deer support mate competition theory. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:552-559. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., R. L. Lochmiller, R. E. Masters, S. R. Hoofer, and R. A. Van Den Bussche. 2001. Major-histocompatibility-complex-associated variation in secondary sexual traits of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus): evidence for “good genes” advertisement. Evolution 55:616-625. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., R. L. Lochmiller, R. E. Masters, W. R. Starry, and D. M. Leslie, Jr. 2001. Does fluctuating asymmetry of antlers in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) follow patterns predicted for sexually selected traits? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268:891-898. PDF

Ditchkoff, S.S., L. J. Spicer, R. E. Masters, and R. L. Lochmiller. 2001. Concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I in adult male white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus): associations with serum testosterone, morphometrics, and age during and after the breeding season. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A 129:887-895. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., M. G. Sams, R. L. Lochmiller, and D. M. Leslie, Jr. 2001. Utility of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 as predictors of neonatal mortality in white-tailed deer. Journal of Mammalogy 82:239-245. PDF

2000

Lochmiller, R. L., S. S. Ditchkoff, and J. A. Sinclair. 2000. Developmental plasticity of postweanling cotton rats (Sigmodon hispidus) as an adaptation to nutritionally stochastic environments. Evolutionary Ecology 14:127-142. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., E. R. Welch, Jr., and R. L. Lochmiller. 2000. Using cast antler characteristics to profile quality of white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus populations. Wildlife Biology 6:53-58. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S. 2000. A decade since “diversification of ruminants”: has our knowledge improved? Oecologia 125:82-84. PDF

Miller, O. D., J. A. Wilson, S. S. Ditchkoff, and R. L. Lochmiller. 2000. Consumption of agricultural and natural foods by waterfowl migrating through central Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 80:1-7. PDF

1999

Ditchkoff, S. S., and F. A. Servello. 1999. Sampling recommendations to assess nutritional restriction in deer. Wildlife Society Bulletin 27:1004-1009. PDF

1998

Ditchkoff, S. S., C. Boyd, E. R. Welch, Jr., J. B. Raglin, and R. L. Lochmiller. 1998. Nitrogen requirements of the adult prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster). American Midland Naturalist 140:387-392. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., and F. A. Servello. 1998. Litterfall: an overlooked food source for wintering white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:250-255. PDF

Lochmiller, R. L., and S. S. Ditchkoff. 1998. Environmental influences on mass dynamics of the cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus) thymus gland. Biological Rhythm Research 29:206-212. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., E. R. Welch, Jr., R. L. Lochmiller, R. E. Masters, W. R. Starry, and W. C. Dinkines. 1998. Wounding rates of white-tailed deer with traditional archery equipment. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 52:244-248. PDF

1997

Ditchkoff, S. S., E. R. Welch, Jr., W. R. Starry, W. C. Dinkines, R. E. Masters, and R. L. Lochmiller. 1997. Quality deer management at the McAlester Army Ammunition Plant: a unique approach. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 51:389-399. PDF

1996

Ditchkoff, S. S., E. R. Welch, Jr., R. L. Lochmiller, R. E. Masters, W. C. Dinkines, and W. R. Starry. 1996. Deer harvest characteristics during compound and traditional archery hunts. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 50:391-396. PDF

EXTENSION PUBLICATIONS

Irvin, S. K., M. D. Smith, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2012. Managing white-tailed deer: collecting data from harvested deer. Alabama Cooperative Extension System, Auburn University. ANR-1412. PDF

Smith, M. D., S. S. Ditchkoff, and J. B. Armstrong. 2011. Lost, abandoned, or orphaned deer fawns. Publication No. ANR-1396. Alabama Cooperative Extension System, Auburn University. ANR-1396. PDF

Lowery, D., M. D. Smith, C. H. Newbolt, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2011. Managing white-tailed deer: camera surveys. Publication No. ANR-1395. Alabama Cooperative Extension System, Auburn University. ANR-1395. PDF

Baker, L. A., D. J. Eakes, G. B. Fain, S. S. Ditchkoff, and C. C. Coker. 2010. An overview and cost analysis of deer repellents for homeowners and landowners. Publication No. ANR-1370. Alabama Cooperative Extension System, Auburn University. ANR-1370. PDF

Boulerice, J., M. D. Smith, and S. S. Ditchkoff. 2009. Alabama cougars: sorting fact from fiction. Publication No. ANR-1358. Alabama Cooperative Extension System, Auburn University. ANR-1358. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., R. E. Masters, and K. L. Hitch. 2003. Biodiversity and ecosystem management. Forest Stewardship Wildlife Management Notes No. 12. Publication No. L-314. Cooperative Extension Service, Oklahoma State University. PDF

Masters, R. E., S. S. Ditchkoff, and S. C. Farley. 2002. Edge and other wildlife concepts. Forest Stewardship Wildlife Management Notes No. 10. Publication No. L-276. Cooperative Extension Service, Oklahoma State University. PDF

Ditchkoff, S. S., and R. E. Masters. 2001. Mourning doves. Forest Stewardship Wildlife Management Notes No. 9. Publication No. L-275. Cooperative Extension Service, Oklahoma State University. PDF

Last modified: January 21, 2021